Click here for a sample Piping Layout (*.pdf)
During the initial stage of a project, various factors determine the
successful implementation. By evaluating facts, confirming assumptions
and recognizing trends, these approaches assist with the concept development.
The governing document which centralizes this information is the Basis
of Design (BOD). As apart of a typical design package, the BOD and preliminary
equipment arrangement drawings will be presented to incorporate everyone's
suggestions, requirements or requests.
As different scenarios are presented during a project introduction,
the associated costs are a determining factor to verify if sufficient
funds are available to execute the project. Upon verifying certain options
(e.g., boiler capacity, cooling demands,
etc.), a spreadsheet model will
be drafted to evaluate which option is viable and provide preliminary
costs to establish a budget. If the budget exceeds expectations, value
engineering (V/E) techniques are applied to incorporate the higher
priorities while accounting for system functionality. A typical feasibility
study will entail an executive summary, study overview, facility descriptions,
performance data, assumptions, methodology, budgetary capital cost
estimates, financial projections, preliminary master project schedule
and conclusion / recommendations.
Energy Master Plan (EMP)
In order to properly manage a facility, the operating costs (e.g., fuel
oil, electricity, etc.) have a major impact to determine the profitability
of a company, pending the size. Using software tools and ASHRAE / LEED
guidelines, many options are available to reduce the monthly utility
payments. For example, lighting upgrades are available to reduce the
energy consumption while providing the same lighting coverage. The typical
payback period is 2-3 years. Another electrical system component is a
motor. AC motors with >90% efficiency rating are a prime substitute
for existing motors which have been operating for 40+ years. With reference
to mechanical systems, each component and system will be evaluated for
design intent, demands and performance ratings; accordingly, these items
will determine if various upgrades are required such as a variable frequency
drive (VFD), replacement of a chiller, chemical treatment, etc. A standard
EMP will encompass an executive summary, introduction, facility descriptions,
energy end-uses, critical load considerations, future facility plans
and financing scenarios.
Due Diligence Report (DDR)
Technical assessments are available to transfer ownership, explore different
financial options or record an inspection by using these reports as a
basis of evaluation and identifying any potential issues, in regards
to utility and power plants. Within the report, the team assesses the
facility's design, maintenance, design philosophy and operating history.
Furthermore, the useful life is projected including the replacement of
major components and comparing the maintenance practices with other similar
facilities. Other points of consideration are efficiency, reliability,
availability, safety, environmental compliance, training, operability
and staff support.